Israel's first moon mission set for
liftoff from Florida Thursday
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[February 20, 2019]
By Joey Roulette
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (Reuters) - Israel's
first spacecraft designed to land on the moon is set to blastoff from
Florida on Thursday in the first privately-funded lunar mission, as the
Jewish state seeks to become only the fourth nation to reach the surface
of Earth's natural satellite.
The unmanned robotic explorer named Beresheet - Hebrew for the word
"genesis" - was due for liftoff from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station at
8:45 p.m. EST (0145 GMT Friday) atop a Falcon 9 rocket launched by the
California-based entrepreneur Elon Musk's SpaceX company.
The 1,290-pound (585 kg), dishwasher-sized lander was built by Israeli
nonprofit space venture SpaceIL and state-owned defense contractor
Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) with $100 million furnished almost
entirely by private donors.
If the launch is successful, Beresheet is due to arrive on the near side
of the moon in April following a two-month journey through 4 million
miles (6.5 million km) of space.
SpaceIL said they hoped Beresheet will help inspire Israel's
defense-focused space program to pursue more science missions by way of
an "Apollo effect," referring to the manned lunar exploration program
that became NASA's chief purpose in the 1960s and early '70s.
The United States, the former Soviet Union and China are the only three
nations to date to have achieved controlled "soft" landings of
spacecraft on the lunar surface.
The U.S. Apollo program tallied six manned missions to the moon - the
only ones yet achieved - between 1969 and 1972, with about a dozen more
unmanned landings combined by the United States and Soviets. China made
history in January with its Chang'e 4, the first to touch down on the
dark side of the moon.
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"This is the beginning of Israel's story in deep space ... whether
this succeeds or fails," SpaceIL president and billionaire high-tech
developer Morris Kahn, who invested $44 million of his own money
into the Beresheet project, told Reuters in an interview.
The Falcon 9 rocket will thrust Beresheet into a "long and complex"
Earth orbit where it will spend roughly five weeks gradually
widening its orbit until close enough to enter the moon's
gravitational field. From there, the spacecraft will execute a
series of maneuvers to reach its destination between the landing
sites of Apollo 15 and 17 by mid-April.
During a mission slated to last just two to three days on the moon,
Beresheet will use on-board instruments to photograph the landing
site, measure the moon's magnetic field and send all the data back
to SpaceIL's Israel-based ground station Yehud, via NASA's Deep
Space Network, SpaceIL vice president Yigal Harel told Reuters.
If successful, Beresheet will end up as the prototype for a series
of future moon landing missions jointly planned by IAI and Germany's
OHB System on behalf of the European Space Agency.
SpaceIL has no plans for future explorations of its own beyond
Beresheet and "will not continue after this mission," Harel said.
(Reporting Joey Roulette in Cape Canaveral, Fla.; Editing by Steve
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